Dog owners always want to know if the medication they’re about to give their dogs is safe. The pain reliever meloxicam, or metacam, is commonly prescribed for dogs and cats, so you should be aware of its dangers.
The drug Metacam killed my dog. It turns out that the drug that is supposed to help us ends up killing our pets!
The local vet’s surgery gave Talula, my 6-year-old Cocker Spaniel, a Metacam injection in her thigh. Talula passed away in her sleep at 4 am the next day. Her knee injury was treated with an injection. Two years earlier, she had received the same injection.
Both the vet and I were unaware that this seemingly harmless little drug could cause such devastating side effects.
Also Read: Lasix killed my dog – Can Lasix hurt my dog?
Meloxicam Poisoning: What is it?
Metacam is the brand name for Meloxicam for dogs. NSAIDs are approved by veterinarians for treating pain and inflammation in dogs. Patients with osteoarthritis and other conditions that cause long-term or short-term pain have often been prescribed this medication.
The drug has few side effects in the recommended dosage and is likely to provide relief to your dog from pain. However, meloxicam taken in high doses has been linked to kidney failure and stomach ulcerations, which is why it is important not to overdose on your dog. It is given either orally or intravenously to dogs.
The initial dosage is usually .2 mg per kilogram, followed by daily doses of .1 mg per kilogram. A .1 mg per kg dose was able to be taken safely by dogs for 26 weeks without developing adverse effects; however, higher doses of .3-.5 mg per kg led to toxicity in dogs.
Vomiting and diarrhea are the most common symptoms of meloxicam poisoning, as are other NSAIDs.
In some cases, gastrointestinal ulcers can cause blood in the stool and vomit. GI symptoms are often accompanied by signs of kidney failure, such as thirst and urination. Dogs may appear weak and depressed, as well as lose their appetite. As a result of an overdose, severe intestinal bleeding and seizures can occur.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as Meloxicam are used to treat pain and inflammation in dogs as well as humans. In the prescribed amount, it is safe to give to dogs, but care should be taken to avoid overdosing. Taking too much of this medication could lead to stomach ulcers and kidney failure.
Can Metacam kill a dog?
Behavioral changes and seizures have been reported in some pets treated with Metacam, as well as blood abnormalities, kidney failure, and even death.
It is used for treating painful conditions. Therefore, many dogs use it in large quantities. However, its use can have some adverse effects.
There has been an association between Metacam and GI ulcers and renal failure. Moreover, Metacam has been reported to cause acute pancreatitis, which can lead to death in some cases. Overdosing on Metacam, either alone or in combination with other drugs, is the most common cause of pancreatitis.
Veterinarians can prescribe a variety of other drugs to manage pain in dogs. Metacam can be used improperly if a dog’s owner administers an incorrect dose or if it is given out of context for a condition.
Is Metacam harmful to my dog?
In general, dogs can safely take Metacam at the prescribed dose. Nevertheless, overdoses are dangerous since they cause vomiting, which can result in the aspiration of gastric contents into the lungs or pulmonary edema. If your dog has a pre-existing medical condition such as heart disease, liver disease, or renal failure, it should be used with caution.
Metacam is contraindicated in dogs with gastrointestinal disorders and ulcers, as well as those who have taken certain medications that could interact with it.
The following are possible side effects of Metacam: vomiting, anorexia, diarrhea, and lethargy.
How much meloxicam can a dog take?
There is a wide range of Meloxicam dosages for dogs, depending on their weight, condition, and general health.
Veterinarians’ prescriptions aren’t exact. That’s the most important thing to remember. When dogs weigh less than 10 kilograms (22 pounds), veterinarians typically use a smaller dose, while when they weigh more than 10 kilograms (22 pounds), a larger dose is used.
Dogs are typically weighed on a scale in pounds, but their dose can be expressed in milligrams of meloxicam per kilogram of body weight.
Dogs have been shown to be relatively safe to use when given the appropriate doses of meloxicam. However, your dog may occasionally experience some side effects from it.
An owner should contact their veterinarian if they notice any changes in their dog’s behavior. These changes may indicate that the dog has overdosed on meloxicam.
Meloxicam poisoning in dogs: Diagnosis
Dogs with meloxicam poisoning can be diagnosed by a veterinarian based on signs, a history of meloxicam use, and blood tests. It is possible that your dog has diarrhea, vomiting, and bloody stools while taking meloxicam, which indicates a high dose, or that your dog is not tolerating the medication well. A high BUN (blood urea nitrogen) and other kidney failure indicators can be seen depending on the severity.
Let your veterinarian know if your dog was accidentally overdosed or given extra medication by bringing the prescription along so they can see the exact dosage. Meloxicam poisoning can be complicated by drug interactions since other medications can also cause adverse reactions.
If your dog has ever had access to human medication, your veterinarian will need to know. Especially if you were not present during the incident and are unsure what is causing your dog’s symptoms, it is a good idea to bring a list of all the medications you or your family members are taking.
How to treat dogs poisoned by meloxicam
Depending on the severity of the symptoms, discontinuing prescription meloxicam may be sufficient if your dog is showing signs of toxicity from the medication. Other treatment may be necessary if the overdose is significant.
The use of activated charcoal may help reduce absorption in the gastrointestinal tract after vomiting is induced a few hours after exposure. To avoid liver recirculation, repeat this dose six to eight hours later. Toxins can be excreted faster when taking cathartic medications.
In addition to H2-receptor antagonists such as ranitidine and famotidine, you may also use proton pump inhibitors like Omeprazole to treat gastrointestinal ulcers. Several medications can also be prescribed for treating ulcers and protecting the stomach, including sucralfate and misoprostol.
Fluids will need to be administered intravenously if kidney failure is present. For 72 hours, or until the kidneys function normally, your dog will need to be monitored at a veterinary hospital.
The recovery of dogs poisoned with meloxicam
There are still some risks associated with taking Metacam, even though it has been approved for dogs. When the drug is prescribed, the veterinarian should tell you about the possible side effects so you can monitor your dog closely and treat any symptoms of toxicity as soon as possible.
Make sure to take the prescribed dose accurately. It isn’t recommended to cut up a tablet or generic medication designed for humans since it is very hard to control the dosage and you may accidentally overdose on your dog.
When it comes to this medication, even a fraction of a milligram can make a difference. When your dog’s Metacam dose is due, give it right away; however, if you forget to give it at the next medication time, then you are better off missing one dose than two.
It is important to get treatment right away if you suffer from Meloxicam toxicity. Avoiding the condition is the best course of action. Your dog should not be able to reach any bottles that are secured.
Ensure your dog doesn’t receive more than one dose of medication by accident by coordinating medications with family members. Separate the medications for humans and dogs so there is no confusion.
The cost of treating meloxicam poisoning in dogs can be high. Make sure your pet is covered by pet health insurance. The sooner you insure your pet, the better protected you’ll be against unexpected vet expenses.
Can dogs be toxic to Metacam in large doses?
Dogs are toxic to Metacam at a dose five times higher than the therapeutic level (0.05-0.1 mg/lb). At therapeutic doses, Metacam can result in clinical signs of toxicity if used long-term.
Meloxicam poisoning symptoms in dogs
This is what you might see in a dog suffering from meloxicam toxicity. If an overdose is suspected, contact your veterinarian immediately. Vomiting (with or without blood), Lack of appetite, Black tarry stools (melena), Diarrhea (sometimes with blood), Excessive thirst (polydipsia), Lethargy, Seizures, General malaise, Seizures.
Dogs poisoned by meloxicam: causes
Meloxicam toxicity in dogs is caused primarily by these causes and risk factors.
More than the recommended dose of meloxicam for your dog
A dog chewed through the bottle and the container of the medicine was left open, which resulted in an accidental overdose.
Dogs should not be given human medication.
How long should my dog take METACAM?
Depending on your veterinarian’s recommendation, he or she could suggest that your dog try METACAM for a certain period. To determine whether treatment should continue, your veterinarian may ask you to return with your dog for a follow-up appointment. The long-term effects of osteoarthritis for your dog will be the same as they are for people. Over 20 years ago, METACAM was used safely to treat dogs with osteoarthritis worldwide.
Can METACAM be used in very small dogs?
Dogs of all breeds can develop osteoarthritis. This is why METACAM Oral Suspension for small dogs is formulated with a low concentration.
Why can’t I just give my dog aspirin?
Drugs like aspirin are not approved for use in animals. Do not administer aspirin during METACAM therapy. Metacam should not be used in conjunction with any other anti-inflammatory medication, including cortisone, Rimadyl® (carprofen), ibuprofen, Previcox® (firocoxib), or Deramaxx® (deracoxib). It is important that you tell your veterinarian before beginning METACAM treatment if your dog is taking any other medications.
Why does METACAM come in an oral liquid form rather than a pill or tablet?
The liquid form of METACAM is designed to make administering the right dose to dogs easier, just like many children’s medications are available in liquid form rather than pill form. Metacam Oral Suspension is dispensed from the syringe in a smooth liquid form in order to make it easier for dog owners to use.
The liquid form makes it possible to adjust the dose in small increments with the measuring syringe, providing a level of precision not possible with rigid tablets. Dogs can have it directly on their food or applied directly to their mouths.
Furthermore, liquid METACAM readily absorbs into the dogs’ system. Honey is also a favorite flavor among dogs. In addition to offering a highly convenient treatment option, METACAM is the first NSAID available as an oral suspension, which allows for highly accurate dosing for any size dog compared to chewable tablets.
Can I give meloxicam to my dog?
Any new medication or supplement should be discussed with your veterinarian first. A veterinarian can determine whether meloxicam is safe for your dog since meloxicam has many potential interactions and side effects.
How much Metacam is toxic to dogs?
Symptoms of toxicity can occur at doses up to 5 times the therapeutic dose in dogs (0.1-0.5 mg/kg). Clinical signs of toxicity may result from long-term use, even at therapeutic doses.
Is Metacam hard on dogs?
The side effects are usually mild but can be serious. Dogs may only use Metacam Oral Suspension. Vomiting and soft stool or diarrhea are the most common side effects. Before starting treatment, you should check for pre-existing medical conditions in your dog.
What happens if a dog gets too much meloxicam?
NSAIDs can cause serious gastric ulceration and acute kidney failure if ingested in toxic quantities. In addition to vomiting, diarrhea, bloody vomitus, black-tarry stools, inappetence, lethargy, excessive urination, abdominal pain, and seizures, toxicity can also manifest as general malaise or death.
Is there an alternative to Metacam for dogs?
Other NSAIDs (eg Rimadyl, Previcox, Onsior, etc) may provide pain relief as well – but you will have the same problem as with Metacam. There are also pain relievers that don’t have anti-inflammatory effects, are not licensed, and may cause sedation or spacing effects, such as tramadol and gabapentin.
How many hours does Metacam last?
This is another way to describe how much build up a drug has in the body. For instance, Metacam lasts 15-20 hours after it is taken.
Can Metacam cause seizures in dogs?
Meloxicam may also lead to changes in bowel habits (black, tarry, or bloody stools or diarrhea) Changes in behavior (increased or decreased activity level, incoordination, seizures, or aggression)
How much Metacam should a 20kg dog have?
You can also use the dropper bottle to give the oral suspension: two drops per pound of body weight for the 0.5 mg/mL concentration (five drops per kilogram).
How long does it take to get meloxicam out of your system?
You may experience pain and inflammation again. As a matter of fact, meloxicam does not cause withdrawal symptoms. Half of the drug must be metabolized and expelled from the body over a period of 15 to 20 hours.
How much meloxicam can I give my 100 pound dog?
Meloxicam usually is prescribed at a dosage of 0.09 milligrams per pound of your dog’s body weight on its first day. Every subsequent treatment should be given once a day after the first. A dosage of about 0.045 milligrams per pound of your body weight is recommended.
Can meloxicam cause liver damage in dogs?
There are some dogs with undiagnosed liver disease. The liver is responsible for removing meloxicam from the body, so a liver on meloxicam has extra work to do. Normal livers will not have a problem with this, but a diseased liver may fail under the extra strain.
How long can a dog take meloxicam?
In the U.S., using this product for a long period of time is off-label. Monitoring liver enzymes, kidney function, and the general health of a patient are important when using veterinary NSAIDs. It is recommended that dogs take NSAIDs every six months.
Can Metacam be given on an empty stomach?
You can take Metacam® with or without food. You should not give Metacam® to your dog if it weighs less than 10 pounds. Avoid giving Metacam® directly into the mouth of a small dog. Dogs taking Metcam® may experience diarrhea or vomiting.
Does meloxicam make your dog sleepy?
Meloxicam can cause negative side effects such as lethargy or an increased risk for kidney problems when they react poorly with these substances.
Is Calpol the same as Metacam?
Many people ask if Metacam and Calpol are the same. They are not the same. As mentioned, Calpol is based on paracetamol, while Metacam is based on Meloxicam.
How does METACAM work?
Osteoarthritis causes inflammation and pain, which is targeted and relieved by the compound MetaCAM. Having your dog’s arthritis pain relieved can help restore his mobility, allowing him to participate once again in many of the activities he used to enjoy. The best thing about this medication is that it can be taken once daily, providing relief for 24 hours.
Can dogs be treated with other pain medications?
A dog may not be able to benefit from using Meloxicam as a pain medication. Carprofen, a non-steroidal anti-inflammator, may help reduce pain in your dog, as well as other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Your veterinarian may also prescribe pain-relieving medications like gabapentin and tramadol. A veterinarian may recommend joint supplements to relieve pain associated with canine arthritis. Glucosamine is present in many of these joint supplements and may help keep your dog’s joints healthy.
How does meloxicam work in dogs?
An anti-inflammatory drug, Meloxicam is non-steroidal. As a result, it decreases inflammation throughout the body. This decreases pain as well.
What is meloxicam used for in dogs?
Dogs can be treated with Meloxicam for a variety of conditions. Meloxicam is used most often to treat the pain associated with arthritis. Meloxicam is commonly used to treat the following conditions in dogs: Osteoarthritis, Surgical pain, Pain from an injury, and Soft tissue injury.
What more can I do to help manage my dog’s pain?
There are many things that can help relieve your dog’s osteoarthritis pain, including METACAM therapy. Your veterinarian may also recommend a weight loss or exercise program. Any weight loss or exercise plan for your dog should be discussed with your veterinarian. In addition to providing your dog with a soft place to sleep, you can keep him or her warm as well.
Getting your dog massaged and receiving physical therapy as directed by your veterinarian can relieve stiff joints and increase mobility. In addition, you can provide your dog with non-skid runners on slippery surfaces, lift food and water bowls to avoid neck strain, and install ramps to prevent him from using stairs.
You should seek emergency veterinary care if your pet accidentally ingests too much meloxicam. Additionally, you can contact the Pet Poison Helpline for additional assistance. Meloxicam overdoses can be extremely dangerous, and if they are not treated promptly, they can even result in death.
Which anti-inflammatory is safest for dogs?
Anti-inflammatory drugs that are safe for dogs are carprofen and ibuprofen. This anti-inflammatory medication was designed specifically for dogs. For long-term pain control in dogs, carprofen is often preferred over meloxicam.
Meloxicam for Dogs Side Effects and Warnings
There are many potential side effects and warnings associated with Meloxicam. Meloxicam’s most common side effects are stomach upset, vomiting, and diarrhea, according to the Veterinary Information Network. Bloody vomit and black stools are serious Meloxicam side effects.
It is possible that your pet has internal bleeding due to these serious side effects. Your veterinarian should be contacted immediately if your pet experiences a side effect from a medication.
Reviews of Metacam
This is the first time we have used this brand, which was recommended by our veterinarian. One of our dogs was on a different brand of arthritis medication, and he suffered from severe side effects, including excessive thirst and urination, high fever, and lethargy.
He needed some pain control so we were hesitant to take the risk with the new medication. We are pleased to report that he has been doing well with this medication. No side effects have been reported, and he feels less pain.”
1. It is important to be aware that Metacam is an NSAID and can cause kidney failure in dogs. Follow the directions carefully and it can still happen. Your dog’s limp, inability to eat or drink or vomiting should be treated immediately by a veterinarian. When I gave my dog three Metacam doses, he developed renal failure.”
2. In order to treat my 12-year-old Labrador with arthritis in his hind legs, I tried Metacam. He was told it was a lifelong treatment. In just two days (half dose twice a day), he started having breathing difficulties and at times was almost not breathing at all. I immediately stopped the medication and contacted my veterinarian.
You should keep an eye on him for a few days. I took him to Emergency Vet Hospital on that day when he began having trouble breathing again due to an allergic reaction to the Metacam. Since then, he has been fine, but he won’t ever take it again!