Puppies are cute little bundles of joy, but they also carry parasites. These parasites can cause serious health problems for your puppy. Learn how to prevent them from spreading.
There are over 100 types of parasitic worm infections in dogs. The most common ones include roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, tapeworms, and heartworm. They can live in the intestines or other parts of the body.
You should always take care of your puppy’s health. This means keeping him away from areas where he might pick up parasites. If you notice any signs of illness, such as diarrhea, vomiting, lethargy, or lack of appetite, contact your vet immediately.
Also Read: How long does It take for apple cider vinegar to kill worms in dogs?
How To Get Rid Of Worms In Puppies
Worms can be a problem for both puppies and adult dogs. A dog with intestinal worms may have loose stools, frequent urination, weight loss, and even anemia.
If you suspect that your dog has worms, here are some ways to treat it:
1. Keep your puppy on a regular diet. Make sure to feed his food at least twice a day. You can buy commercial worming supplements if you want to give your puppy preventive treatment.
2. Wash all bedding and toys regularly. Your puppy will probably shed small amounts of hair and dander throughout the year. Be sure to wash these items thoroughly.
3. Clean out your puppy’s litter box daily. It is important to keep this area clean because it can become contaminated by feces.
4. Check your puppy’s stool sample once every month. Have your vet check it for consistency and color.
5. Take your puppy outside frequently so he gets plenty of exercise. He needs to walk around and play in order to eliminate waste products.
6. Do not let your puppy lick his paws after walking. This can spread fleas and ticks.
7. Use a flea comb to remove dead skin cells and dirt from your puppy’s coat.
8. Brush your puppy’s teeth weekly. This helps remove debris stuck between his teeth.
9. Bathe your puppy regularly. This helps remove parasites and bacteria from his fur.
10. Prevent your puppy from eating grass. Grass contains harmful chemicals that can make him sick.
11. Never leave your puppy alone when he is outdoors. Dogs can easily catch diseases from mosquitoes and insects.
12. Make sure that your puppy does not drink water from puddles or streams.
13. Avoid letting your puppy sleep in dirty areas. Parasites can enter through open wounds.
14. Always use appropriate clothing when playing with your puppy. Don’t wear clothes that contain wool, cotton, or synthetic fibers.
15. Teach your puppy to stay off the furniture. This prevents him from getting into trouble while chewing.
16. Keep your puppy’s nails trimmed regularly. Trimming your puppy’s claws reduces the risk of injury.
17. Treat your puppy like a member of the family. This way, he will learn to respect others and follow rules.
18. Give your puppy plenty of attention and affection. This makes him feel loved and secure.
19. Watch for symptoms of worms in your puppy. If you notice any changes in his behavior, appearance, or activity level, consult your veterinarian right away.
20. If your puppy develops diarrhea, contact your vet immediately!
21. If you think your puppy has worms, contact your vet for advice about how to prevent them.
Symptoms of Dogs With Worms
- Weight Loss
In addition to respiratory symptoms, heartworms can also cause coughing, exercise intolerance, weak pulses, weight loss, abdominal distension, and in extreme cases, labored breathing, pale gums, and death.
How Do Dogs Get Worms?
Dogs are infected by ingesting larvae (larva) of parasitic roundworms called nematodes. The most common type of worm found in dogs is hookworm. Other types include whipworm, tapeworm, and lungworm.
Roundworms are usually ingested accidentally during coprophagia (eating feces). Ingested eggs hatch in the dog’s intestines and develop into larval forms. These larvae then travel through the bloodstream to various organs where they mature into adult worms.
A dog’s intestinal worms are most likely to be roundworms. Dogs can contract Toxocara canis (T. canis) and Toxascaris leonina roundworms. T. canis is more common in puppies and it can also be transmitted to humans.
Puppies acquire roundworms from their dams when they are born. Newborn puppies must therefore receive appropriate veterinary care. Deworming medications are used to treat roundworms diagnosed by a fecal sample. The presence of roundworms can result in poor growth and death in severe cases if left untreated.
In parts of North America, raccoon roundworms, Baylisascaris procyonis (B. procyonis), can infect dogs. A dog can become infected by ingesting infected eggs or by consuming infected rodents, rabbits, or birds. In the Merck Veterinary Manual, because it is possible for B. procyonis eggs to spread from animals to humans, it is important to diagnose infections in dogs immediately and treat them appropriately.
Anemia can be caused by hookworms in dogs and puppies if they are left untreated. Hookworms can affect dogs in a variety of ways. When they attach to the intestinal wall of the dog, they ingest large amounts of blood.
Hookworms are transmitted to dogs by ingesting hookworm larvae from the environment or, in the case of Ancylostoma caninum, through a bitch’s milk. Several hundred microscopic eggs can be passed by infected dogs in their stool, where they hatch and survive in soil for months. Dirt that is infected can be eaten by dogs or licked from their paws. Infected dog feces can also be sniffed by dogs. Hookworms can also infect humans.
In fecal flotation, a stool sample is mixed with a solution that causes hookworm eggs to float to the surface, allowing hookworms to be diagnosed. A deworming medication is usually administered twice to dogs – once when the adult worms are caught and again when the newly developed ones are caught.
Dogs can acquire tapeworms from eating infected fleas or consuming wild animals infested with tapeworms or fleas. Tapeworm eggs hatch when a dog eats a flea and attach to its intestinal lining. There is a type of tapeworm known as Dipylidium caninum that is common in dogs in the United States. Fleas can pass it to dogs, which is another reason to take flea prevention seriously.
Tapeworm segments can be passed in the stool of dogs with tapeworm infection. They may look like little pieces of rice and may be visible. It is sometimes possible for affected dogs to scoot along the ground with their bottoms. You should take a stool sample to your veterinarian if you notice signs in your dog’s stool or if you notice your dog scooting.
Your vet will treat your dog for tapeworms if he or she finds eggs or segments of the parasite. Drugs are administered orally or intravenously. You will also need to rid your home and your dog of fleas as part of the treatment.
Also Read: How long does it take for pumpkin seeds to kill parasites in dogs
Among all types of worms in dogs, heartworms are the most dangerous – and the easiest to prevent. To keep your dog safe from heartworm, vets recommend regular heartworm preventatives since mosquitoes transmit the parasite. In the absence of treatment, heartworms are capable of causing severe lung disease, heart failure, and other organ damage.
In accordance with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, heartworm disease is most prevalent along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts from the Gulf of Mexico to New Jersey and along the Mississippi River and its major tributaries, but it has been reported in dogs in all 50 states. It is also possible for coyotes, wolves, and foxes to carry the disease.
Heartworms can be prevented by taking preventative measures. A lengthy, expensive, and potentially harmful treatment is available. The treatment of heartworm in dogs usually involves a restriction on their exercise and confinement.
Dogs and owners can both be affected by this. Heartworm preventives do not kill adult heartworms, so regular testing is recommended. Infected dogs may even be harmed by them.
In dogs, whipworms live in the cecum (the beginning of the large intestine) and colon, where their eggs are passed into the dog’s feces. It is possible for dogs to get whipworms by ingesting an infested substance, such as soil, food, water, feces, or animal flesh.
When kept in suitable conditions (warm and moist), the eggs can survive for up to five years, which is why cleaning up after your dog is so important.
In mild cases, whipworms don’t necessarily cause symptoms. Occasionally, they may cause anemia, diarrhea, and inflammation in severe cases. Your veterinarian can diagnose whipworms in your dog with a fecal sample and prescribe a treatment plan based on your pet’s needs – usually, three monthly treatments are necessary.
In dogs exhibiting signs of blood in their stools, repeat fecal exams are recommended since whipworm eggs are not easy to find on all fecal samples. False negatives are also common.
Is it possible to see worms? How Do Worms Look?
Roundworms can be found in a dog’s stool or vomit, especially after worming. The tapeworm can shed body segments containing their eggs, but it’s rare to see entire tapeworms. Dog poop or the anus will contain segments of tapeworms that look like rice grains.
The presence of hookworms and whipworms in a dog’s stool is very rare, which is why a stool sample is necessary. In a specially prepared sample of feces, a veterinarian examines the tiny eggs of roundworms, hookworms, and whipworms using a microscope.
Veterinarian’s Fecal Exam
It is very important to diagnose intestinal parasites early in order to prevent contamination of the environment and your pet’s health.
A veterinarian usually uses centrifuges to bring the eggs to the surface of a liquid after mixing a stool sample (only about a teaspoonful is needed) with a special solution. Under a microscope, this top layer is examined on a glass slide.
Stool checks are routinely performed by veterinarians. If you see these rice-like segments in the stool or in the fur under the tail, speak with your veterinarian. Tapeworm eggs are not commonly found in stool samples.
While tapeworms can be seen in the dog’s stool, other types of intestinal worms are usually diagnosed by looking for eggs in the stool sample under the microscope.
Your veterinarian will ask you to bring a stool sample if your dog exhibits any of the symptoms listed above so that worms can be detected. The annual examination of your dog should include a stool sample, even if there are no symptoms.
A blood test can usually detect heartworms. Radiographs, ultrasounds, and echocardiograms may be necessary in some cases.
The American Heartworm Society says that early symptoms of the disease are often absent for dogs, but the earlier treatment is started, the greater the chance of success. That’s why it’s important to have regular annual heartworm tests.
Several types of intestinal parasites and heartworms can be treated with deworming medications recommended by your veterinarian, as well as preventative measures. It is also important to regularly test puppies’ stool for worms since puppies may receive them from their mothers.
Is it possible for humans to get worms from dogs?
It is true that some worms found in dogs can pose health risks to humans. When you walk barefoot on infected soil, you may get hookworms. Hookworm larvae can cause itchy skin disease and cutaneous larval migrans if they penetrate the skin. In some cases, hookworm larvae can migrate into deeper tissues and cause more serious health issues.
If you accidentally touch your dog’s fecal material and then touch your mouth, you can get roundworms. It is especially dangerous for children to play in sandboxes or other places where dog or cat feces may be present.
Ingestion of roundworm eggs is even more dangerous than ingesting hookworm eggs. It is possible for larvae to migrate almost anywhere in the body, including the liver, lungs, eyes, and brain. Getting tapeworms requires ingesting an infected flea, which is unlikely.
Another type of whipworm can infect humans, but not the same whipworm species that infects dogs. Whenever pets and children are in close proximity, please follow your veterinarian’s worming advice.
How to Prevent a Dog From Getting Worms?
There are many ways to keep your dog worm free. You can use an anti-parasitic shampoo once a month to help remove adult worms from your dog’s hair. This is particularly helpful if your dog has been exposed to fleas.
You can also give your dog a monthly dose of ivermectin, which kills both adult and immature worms. Some people prefer to administer this medication orally instead of giving it through a spot-on product because it is easier to control how much gets applied.
You can also apply a topical insecticide such as sevin dust, permethrin spray, or fipronil spot-on to kill fleas and ticks. If you live in an area where mosquitoes are common, you might want to consider using a mosquito repellent containing DEET.
Your vet may recommend adding a parasite-fighting supplement to your pet’s diet. These products contain natural ingredients that help protect against internal parasites. Always consult with your veterinarian before adding supplements to your dog’s food.
Also Read: How Often Should You Give Your Dog Heartworm Medicine?
How to prevent worms in your dog naturally
You can naturally combat worms in your pet with many natural foods. To eliminate worms in your pet, try these six easy-to-find foods and pantry items:
Your pet can get rid of worms by drinking this fermented beverage. It will be easier for your pet to digest coconut or goat’s milk kefir over dairy milk kefir. Here are some guidelines to help you decide how much to give. Take your pet’s drink slowly at first to ensure that he or she will tolerate it.
Try giving a teaspoon or a tablespoon per day to small dogs, one to two tablespoons for medium dogs, and three tablespoons or more for large dogs. Kefir can be added to their food or served separately.
Additionally, you can prevent your pet from getting worms by feeding them these foods. Don’t allow your pet to consume dead birds or other wildlife as they may be infested, and pick up your dog’s poop, prevent your pet from getting fleas (if he ingests fleas, he is at higher risk of getting worms), and prevent your pet from getting fleas.
Apple cider vinegar (ACV)
By using ACV, you can make your pet’s intestines uninhabitable for worms. Make your pet’s water more palatable by adding this fermented vinegar. Depending on your dog’s size and weight, consult your veterinarian. You can also use apple cider vinegar to make your dog’s coat shiny, in addition to killing worms!
The consumption of dried coconut can help eliminate worms from the body. Your pet’s food can be sprinkled with unsweetened dried coconut. One teaspoon is recommended for small dogs, two teaspoons for medium dogs, and one tablespoon for large dogs. It is also possible to treat this condition with coconut oil.
The anti-inflammatory properties of turmeric make it a superfood. Also, it contains compounds that can help repair damage to the intestines as well as get rid of worms. Your dog will have a healthier gut as a result!
Roundworms and whipworms can be cured with chamomile. If you would like to give it to your dog as a tincture, consult your vet for the appropriate dosage.
You can get rid of worms in your dog with the help of several fruits and vegetables. By scraping the sides of the intestines with coarsely chopped carrots, your pet can get rid of worms.
Worm treatment medically
You may need stronger medical intervention to get rid of the worms if food alone does not work. Consult your dog’s veterinarian to determine the most appropriate treatment plan.
This is the active ingredient in Drontal® Plus, PRO-Wormer 2®, and Nemex®-2. Anorexia, depression, and vomiting are some of the side effects.
There are some drug manufacturers who combine deworming ingredients with heartworm drugs. These combos are then marketed as preventives for heartworms AND intestinal worms. These drugs are recommended for use on a monthly basis by their manufacturers.
By using this medication, you are actually treating your dog for worms that he does not have! These include Panacur® Plus, Heartgard® Plus, Tri-Heart® Plus, and Iverhart Max®. You should discuss the risks and benefits of using these combination drugs with your veterinarian.
Droncit®, Drontal® Plus contain this active ingredient. There have been reports of vomiting, depression/lethargy, diarrhea, and anorexia as side effects.
A common deworming medication with this active ingredient is Panacur®, Drontal Plus®, and Safe-Guard®. Among the possible side effects of this medication are vomiting, lethargy, anorexia, swelling of the face, and anaphylaxis.
does simparica trio kill tapeworms?
In dogs or puppies, Simparica Trio has not been shown to be effective against whipworms or tapeworms. If you give Simparica Trio to a dog or puppy that has whipworms or tapeworms in its feces, we will provide you with Cestex (epsiprantel) free of charge or reimburse you for reasonable treatment costs up to $100.
does interceptor plus kill worms?
Two powerful ingredients combine in Interceptor® Plus (milbemycin oxime/praziquantel). There are two active ingredients in Interceptor Plus. Dogs can be treated and controlled with milbemycin oxime for heartworm disease, hookworms, roundworms, and whipworms.
does trifexis kill tapeworms?
As Trifexis only kills roundworms, whipworms, and hookworms, it cannot kill tapeworms. Praziquantel will kill the worms if you take a medication containing it.
does Drontal kill tapeworms?
Drontal Dog Tasty Bone tablets and Drontal Dog Tasty Bone XL flavor tablets kill roundworm, tapeworm, hookworm, and whipworm in dogs by combining three active ingredients.